Judge Piet Koen has dismissed the six applications launched by Jacob Zuma against the legitimacy of his corruption prosecution. This is a decision that casts strong doubt on the former president’s hopes of avoiding trial through court action.

In a 61-page ruling delivered in the Pietermaritzburg High Court on Wednesday, Koen reiterated what the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) had previously argued: that Zuma did not have the legal right to appeal the dismissal of his “special plea” challenge to prosecutor Billy Downer’s title to prosecute him now.

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After citing multiple court rulings, Koen said it was clear that such an appeal could happen only if and when Zuma was convicted of the Arms Deal corruption he stands accused of. 

“On the peculiar facts relating to this matter”, Koen said, “an appeal against the dismissal of the special plea, if successful, would not lead to a ‘just and prompt resolution of the real issues between the parties’ before this court, in this instance Mr Zuma’s guilt or innocence”. 

“In the absence of a prompt resolution of that real issue between the parties, there is no scope for an appeal prior to conviction, based on s 17(1)(c) of the Superior Courts Act.”

He added that, even if it was heard at this stage, Zuma’s appeal had “no prospects of success”. 

The judge also explained in painstaking detail how Zuma’s various applications, which the state contended were clearly aimed at delaying his trial, were either legally unfounded or “irrelevant” or based on “frivolous” or ill-founded irregularity claims. 


In the result, he stated that: “The interests of justice require that the matter now proceeds to trial in respect of the not guilty pleas of the two accused [Zuma and French arms company Thales],” he said.

Judge Piet Koen has dismissed the six applications launched by Jacob Zuma
Jacob Zuma

The criminal trial shall proceed during the second and third terms of the 2022 court calendar of this court, where it has been set down, as previously agreed by all the parties, commencing at 10h00 on 11 April 2022, being the date to which the trial was adjourned on 26 October 2021.

Moments after the judgment was delivered and without actually having read it, Zuma Foundation spokesperson Mzwanele Manyi slammed the decision as a “travesty of justice” and strongly suggested that the former president would seek to appeal it. 

Despite Koen finding that none of the 14 grounds raised by Zuma as a basis for Downer being removed as his prosecutor were valid – a decision that the former president had tried and failed to appeal – Manyi maintained that the only way the case against Zuma would proceed was if the NPA replaced Downer. 


The NPA’s refusal to do so, he insisted, would result in Zuma’s trial being delayed. 

Manyi’s comments appear to disregard the fact that Zuma had contended that both Downer and the entire NPA all lacked the title to prosecute him and he should therefore be acquitted. 

In any event, Koen’s ruling made it apparent that Zuma had little to no prospect of getting Downer removed as his prosecutor through a special plea application.

He explained why Zuma’s efforts to challenge Downer’s “title” to prosecute him was legally unfounded.

This, he said, was because previous cases had made it clear that accusations of bias made against a state advocate, as Zuma had made against Downer, were not a basis to remove the prosecutor.

Koen also hit back at Zuma’s claim that he had committed an irregularity by fixing dates for the NPA to file a response to his application to appeal the judge’s dismissal of his “special plea” application – something which the judge made clear he had not done.

Instead, Koen said, he had set dates for the NPA to file a reply to Zuma’s application to lead further evidence about the various abuses he claimed to have suffered at the hands of the state.